Scompare il maestro del liberismo contemporaneo

Di Cristina Missiroli, da Neolib.it

Roma – Milton Friedman è stato uno dei più influenti economisti degli ultimi 60 anni. Fondatore della scuola monetarista, aveva ricevuto nel 1976 il premio Nobel per l’Economia. Era considerato l’anti-Keynes: rifiutava qualsiasi intervento dello Stato nell’economia. Pur non rivestendo mai alcun incarico formale di governo, ebbe immensa influenza sulle scelte di Margaret Thatcher in Gran Bretagna e di Ronald Reagan negli Usa. I maggiori contributi di Friedman alla teoria economica riguardano gli studi sulla teoria quantitativa della moneta, sulla teoria del consumo e sul ruolo e l’inefficacia della curva di Phillips nel lungo periodo. Autore di molti libri tra cui Capitalismo e libertà del 1962, Liberi di Scegliere del 1990, scritto a quattro mani con la moglie Rose da cui fu tratta una serie televisiva, e Due Persone Fortunate, Friedman è stato anche un buon divulgatore. La notizia della sua scomparsa è stata fornita da un portavoce del Cato Institute. Friedman aveva ricoperto la cattedra di professore emerito di economia presso l’Università di Chicago dal 1946 al 1976. Potete leggere la biografia scritta da Antonio Martino, ripubblicata dall’Istituto Bruno Leoni e recensita da Nicola Porro sul Giornale. Ma forse non c’è niente di meglio che ricordarlo attraverso le sue stesse parole. Eccone alcune, fulminanti. Many people want the government to protect the consumer. A much more urgent problem is to protect the consumer from the government. I am favor of cutting taxes under any circumstances and for any excuse, for any reason, whenever it’s possible. I’m in favor of legalizing drugs. According to my values system, if people want to kill themselves, they have every right to do so. Most of the harm that comes from drugs is because they are illegal. History suggests that capitalism is a necessary condition for political freedom. Clearly it is not a sufficient condition. Nobody spends somebody else’s money as carefully as he spends his own. Nobody uses somebody else’s resources as carefully as he uses his own. So if you want efficiency and effectiveness, if you want knowledge to be properly utilized, you have to do it through the means of private property. Concentrated power is not rendered harmless by the good intentions of those who create it. Governments never learn. Only people learn. Hell hath no fury like a bureaucrat scorned. The black market was a way of getting around government controls. It was a way of enabling the free market to work. It was a way of opening up, enabling people. The government solution to a problem is usually as bad as the problem. The most important single central fact about a free market is that no exchange takes place unless both parties benefit. The only way that has ever been discovered to have a lot of people cooperate together voluntarily is through the free market. And that’s why it’s so essential to preserving individual freedom. The problem of social organization is how to set up an arrangement under which greed will do the least harm, capitalism is that kind of a system. There’s no such thing as a free lunch. Underlying most arguments against the free market is a lack of belief in freedom itself. La fondazione Friedman

 


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